lives of gold and diamond miners of south africa 19th century

Discovery of the Gold in 1884 South African History Online

The South African War of 1899-1901 saw a temporary downturn in Johannesburg's population, partly due to the exodus of the Uitlander [foreigner] community who fled the Reef, and partly to the departure of Dutch residents on commando duty. The closure of all mining activity in October 1899 brought to a sudden end to virtually all economic activity in the region.

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Diamond Mining in Africa Child Labor Conflict Diamonds

Bodies of 10 Illegal Diamond Miners Found in South Africa. IRIN Africa. South Africa Miners demand safety first . Back to Top . Child Labor. Because children are considered an easy source of cheap labor, they are regularly employed in the diamond mining industry. In some areas of Africa, children make up more than a small part of the workforce

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South Africa Overcoming Apartheid

18.04.2002 · In the 19th century, new pass laws were enacted for the purpose of ensuring a reliable supply of cheap, docile African labor for the gold and diamond mines. In 1952, the government enacted an even more rigid law that required all African males over the age of 16 to carry a "reference book" (replacing the previous passbook) containing personal information and employment history.

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Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1869-1910

The diamond mines provided the largest and most accessible labour and gun markets for Africans from 'the interior of southern Africa. Africans went to do a spell of minework, which became culturally institutionalised as a rite of manhood. They left at the command of their chiefs and were subject to headmen in the mining camps. They commonly worked between three and six months in the mines

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History of mining in South Africa The key events

20.05.2019 · In the 1860s two significant diamonds were unearthed, the 21-carat Eureka diamond and the 83-carat Star of South Africa, inspiring a diamond rush in the region that was aided by the more established coal industry. In 1879, English-born George William Stow was commissioned by the Orange Free State government, which ruled an area that would later become part of South Africa, to uncover

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Who were the gold and diamond miners in 19th century in

17.08.2012 · South Africa. Who were the gold and diamond miners in 19th century in south africa? Asked by Wiki User. See Answer. Top Answer. Wiki User Answered 2012-08-17 202443. Egoli, Johannesburg Gauteng

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Historical Reading The Diamond Fields of South Africa

29.05.2017 · "Diamonds and Gold in South Africa," T. Reunert, J.C. Juta & Company, Capetown, 242 pp. (1893). This book describes mining techniques used in the country. The Mining Industries of South Africa, as Shown at the Kimberley Exhibition, B.H. Brough, Journal of the Society of Arts, Vol. 41, No. 2096, pp. 166-178, (1893). An international

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South Africa Gold mining Britannica

South Africa South Africa Gold mining Prospectors established in 1886 the existence of a belt of gold-bearing reefs 40 miles (60 km) wide centred on present-day Johannesburg. The rapid growth of the gold-mining industry intensified processes started by the diamond boom immigration, urbanization, capital investment, and labour migrancy. By 1899 the gold industry attracted investment worth

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Economic Impacts Diamond mining in South africa

Diamond mining in South Africa has a large impact on the economy and it is currently sustainable and positive. There has been a large impact on the South African economy by the mineral revolution of diamonds. The mineral revolution of diamonds started in Kimberly, South Africa in 1867. This led to a huge influx of prospectors moving into the town, and the population dramatically increased. The

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Mineral Revolution Wikipedia

The Mineral Revolution is a term used by historians to refer to the rapid industrialisation and economic changes which occurred in South Africa from the 1870s onwards. The Mineral Revolution was largely driven by the need to create a permanent workforce to work in the mining industry, and saw South Africa transformed from a patchwork of agrarian states to a unified, industrial nation.

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